- Nutritional Report
Obesity has increasingly become a very significant
public health concern. Coronary heart disease is one of the leading
causes of death in the United Kingdom and obesity is an important
contributor to this. Likewise, obesity significantly contributes to
conditions such as high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes, the
prevalence of which is also increasing. Type 2 diabetes causes
significant morbidity such as amputations and blindness. The costs
of obesity are grave not only through the suffering of individuals
affected, but also to society as a whole through loss of
productivity and earnings. Financial costs to the National Health
Service (NHS) are immense as these conditions are often chronic and
associated with numerous complications. This is thus an emerging
epidemic that must be urgently addressed. 20% of the UK adult
population is believed t be obese with 38% being overweight.
Premature death is increased 2-3 fold and this although mainly
attributable to cardiovascular disease is also related to breast,
colon and kidney cancer. (Jebb 2003).
The problem with obesity is not only limited to
the United Kingdom but is one that is faced by the developed world
as a whole. It appears to be increasing due to a more sedentary
lifestyle and little physical activity coupled with greatly
increased intake of energy rich food. Obesity is a health issue
that results from environmental, cultural, socio-economic as well
as genetic influences and is thus a complicated problem. It has no
easy or simple solution and nations affected have had difficulty
coming up with effective solutions to this public health issue.
This report has and will have an impact on patient
care through the clarification of the role of primary healthcare
professionals in dealing with the problem. Better training of these
people to equip them with necessary skills, as well as well as
research into proven methods will enhance the benefit to
Has this report had an impact on obesity levels?
As previously mentioned obesity is a long term problem and thus
more time will be needed to determine if the rising trend in
obesity is being halted by these efforts.