- PROVIDE AN OVERVIEW OF BEHAVIOUR BASED SAFETY SCHEMES WITH...
PROVIDE AN OVERVIEW OF BEHAVIOUR BASED SAFETY SCHEMES WITHIN THE UK CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. DISCUSS THE EFFECTIVENESS AND SUSTAINABILITY OF SUCH SCHEMES WITHIN THE UK CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY. ILLUSTRATE YOUR ESSAY WITH SPECIFIC EXAMPLES.
Safety is a concern for everyone, particularly in the UK
construction industry which chronically suffers from an
exceptionally high number of fatalities compared with other UK
industries. Button (1999) says of all business sectors,
construction has the worst reputation for accidents at work.
Serious injury and death remain common phenomenon in the UK
construction industry despite all regulations put in place to
minimize injury and death in the sector. In one of Health and
Safety Executive report, "2.2millions people work in Britain's
construction industry making it the country's biggest industry. It
is also one of the most dangerous. In the last 25years, over 2,800
people have died from injuries they received as a result of
construction work. Many more have been injured or made ill".
From the statistical report of HSE 1999/2000 on 21st May 2000,
three workmen were killed when a tower crane collapsed at a
construction site in Canary Wharf: only a few weeks' earlier three
men had been killed on a site in HULL. Both accidents were dreadful
reminders to the industry and to the world outside that
construction has had a dismal safety record. "Figures published by
the health and safety executive show construction have the highest
rate of fatal and non-fatal accidents to employees of all major
Another graphic example of the potentially serious health and
safety consequences of construction failure occurred in October
1994 at the world busiest airport-Heathrow. A tunnel under
Heathrow's Central Terminal Area being constructed for the Heathrow
Express rail link collapsed. It was described as one of the worst
Civil Engineering disasters in 25 years.
Proponents of safety incentives programs will argue that the
programmes serve as a positive reinforcer that affects workers
behaviour and eventually jobsite safety (Krause and McCoerqudale
The criticism has been that Yet, instead of examining how core
work processes are affecting health and safety and working with the
workforce to remedy problems, many employers have chosen to bring
in behaviour-based safety programmes that focus on workers' unsafe
behaviours - workers - as the problem. Not surprisingly,
workers have expressed a rather jaundiced view of this "problem"
tag. While employers and consultants call them "behavioural safety
programmes," many workers and unions in the US refer to them as
employers' "blame-the-worker safety programmes," or simply by their
initials: BS. Now, more than ever behaviour and blame oriented
systems are an inappropriate and ineffective approach at work. The
failings of old are compounded by a system that concentrates on the
behaviour of the individual when the behaviour of the organisation
is increasingly recognised as the route of modern occupational ills
including stress, overwork and conflicting pressures (NIOSH
It is necessary to improve safety planning and control methods
beyond what is required by regulations and standards. Suraji et al
(2001) found that planning and control failures related both to
safety and production itself were major contributing factors to
accidents in construction sites in the UK. Pre-project and pre-task
safety planning is among the critical measures required to achieve
a zero accident target (Hinze, 2002 and Liska et al, 1993).
McCollum, (1995); Kartam, (1997); Hinze, (1998); Ciribini and
Rigamonti, (1999) have suggested that safety planning and control
should be integrated. 'On one hand, typical production planning
decisions are the basis to establish preventive measures. On the
other hand, safety requirements must be taken into account in
production planning. Otherwise production plans may fail due to the
lack of safety" Saurin et al (2004).
Everyone on site can contribute to the improvement of safety on
site. Conclusively the used of Behaviour safety scheme has been
effective but more need to be done to sustain the schemes in UK