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The Role of Local Development Frameworks in Influencing the Real Estate Development Process

Development of both rural and urban lands has been the centre of debate as far back as the history of United Kingdom. When the administration of Ramsey MacDonald ratified the Town and Country Planning Act, the debate had included the issue of betterment. However, what is interesting about it is its preamble which stated that the Town and Country Planning Act has the authority to design and promulgate schemes as regards to the development and planning of both rural and urban areas (Andrew, Pitt & Tucker 2007, p. 275). The Town and Country Planning Act of Scotland, on the other hand, explicitly granted landowners rights to rebuild, and create modest expansions on their agricultural and forestry areas (Andrew, Pitt & Tucker 2007, p. 275). Ratciffe, Stubbs and Shepherd (2004), on the other hand, argued that the Town and Country Planning Act of 1974 was the beginning of the modern-day planning we see evident in real estate development today. These Acts significantly changed the real estate development processes in the United Kingdom and Scotland. Henceforth, the government and its agencies have taken a more active role in local development.

This research is designed and undertaken to understand the role of local development frameworks in influencing the real estate development process. In this regard, new and old local development frameworks or LDFs are compared. Then, specific roles of the LDFs and their impacts on real estate development process are identified and analysed.

The government and authorities involved in the two-tiered system, whether regional or local, had acknowledge the gap between what is declared and done. Hence, the Local Development Frameworks, specifically its Supplementary Planning Documents, undergo a Sustainability Appraisal process. This appraisal ensures that economic, environmental and social effects of LDFs are in lined with the identified sustainable development targets of the local community (www.planningportal.gov.uk/).

Given that local government's role in local development is now more important than ever as a result of the new LDFs, Cullingworth and Nadin (2006) argued that the local government and authorities  need to respond immediately, but effectively and efficiently, to the different challenges of local and sustainable development (p. 62). Take for example the Stirling Council's reaction to these challenges. The Council implemented an entirely different committee structure in order for the council to shift its attention toward identifying and responding to local people's need (Scottish Office 1999).

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