- Are there special problems which attach to woman with rega...
Are there special problems which attach to woman with regard to Human Rights?
Illustrate your essay with specific
The evolution of Human Rights has been the result of a long,
tough process of political, economic and social struggles, which
has given rise to the recognition and acceptance that all humans
are equal before the law. However, in spite of all the theoretical
advances, gender inequality is, in practice, one of the most
pressing problems in the current worldwide panorama, both in the
countries of the so-called first world and to a greater extent in
the less developed ones.
Certainly, a brief review of the positive law worldwide shows
many advances in regard to the protection of women which did not
exist one century ago. Among the most significant achievements in
favour of the development of women are aspects such as greater
access to basic education, health services, political events and
their incorporation into paid work. The specialist in the subject
B. Kliksberg (2003), who is an advisor to organisms such as UNO,
UNISEF and the IDB, indicates that the most representative
achievements on an international level in the pursuit of gender
equality are summarised as follows:
In the second place there is the problem of the exclusion of
domestic violence from human rights violations in national
legislations. Many countries lack laws which penalise this criminal
conduct and those that do have them lack the material resources to
enforce them. The controlling role of the state is vital for a
timely decrease in the statistics of violent deaths of men and
women at the hands of their partners. This involves, on the one
hand, facilitating access to justice by the victims and on the
other, helping to protect women and their dependents when they flee
their homes because of domestic violence.
Lastly, the eradication of the forms of discrimination against
women must pass through educating the society. The cultural vision
of women as the weaker sex has to disappear as she gains respect
and her value is recognized within society. The task of many
non-governmental organizations in favour of education in the human
rights sphere is opening new paths towards obtaining the true,
complete fulfilment of women's and girls' human rights in the
world, but there are still many areas to conquer.