- Factors that have influenced the health behaviour of a typ...
Factors that have influenced the health behaviour of a type 2 diabetic patient who smokes. Illustrate your essay with specific examples.
Diabetes is one of the most frequently occurring chronic
diseases in the world affecting nearly 2-4% of the population.
(WHO, 1998 p88). Research has shown that lifestyle factors
such as diet, physical activity smoking and levels of stress have a
direct as well as confounding impact on the glucose metabolism and
insulin sensitivity which in turn influences the disease. (DeSouza
2004) Health promoting behaviors consist of positive actions,
taken by the individual to promote health, such as healthy
nutrition, balanced diet, regular exercise, keeping fit, rest and
sleep, and the avoidance of negative or risk behaviors, such as
alcohol, drug, or tobacco use. (Pender1990) Several
factors may influence these behaviours and the effect of these on
the health behaviour of a patient with type-2 diabetes will be
Increased physical activity and weight reduction are well
recognised ways of reducing the risk of complications and improving
disease outcome in patients with diabetes. For the obese
patient or patients not accustomed to physical exercise, the
prospect of trying to lose weight through physical exercise can be
very daunting and this is an important reason why patients are
unsuccessful in this endeavour. Exercise referral programmes
are government schemes whereby General Practitioners and other
health professionals may refer patients whose medical conditions
will benefit from exercise to participating gyms. Here
patients are educated about the benefits of exercise.
Exercise programmes are then specifically designed to meet the
needs of individual patients. This may include gym-based
exercises, walking, swimming, exercise classes and other
activities. These programmes provide help and support to
patients to encourage them to increase their physical activity and
lose weight. Exercise referral programmes are thus an
important strategy that may be used to help patients with diabetes
to achieve maximum health benefits.