- Organization Theory for the Management of Construction Pro...
Organization Theory for the Management of Construction Projects
Construction projects, be it vertical like buildings or
horizontal like roads, are very much technical in scope requiring
intricate details and complex processes. They are likewise
relatively large in scale commanding mobilization of various
organizational resources such as physical, financial, and human.
Commitment of such resources must be sustained throughout the
life of the projects. Construction projects employ
technologies that add to the technical complexity and cost of the
projects. More importantly, these projects need involvement
of people from various technical backgrounds such as architecture,
engineering, steelworks and woodworks, and interior design.
Much coordination is expected from these people of varying
technical expertise to work together and get the job done.
Construction projects are necessarily high-risk investments what
with the steadily increasing costs of construction supplies and
materials, not to mention leasing of essential machines and
equipment. Sizeable budgets are set aside to complete such
projects. Construction projects take considerable time to
finish because of the sheer magnitude of work that must be carried
out. Work schedule is most of the time protracted.
Strict adherence to it is imperative. Finally, safety is
first and foremost in construction projects. Human lives are
never compromised. Given all these attributes, construction
projects are necessarily complex requiring a step-by-step procedure
and managerial competence.
Construction projects are like "mini" organizations that require
managing. They mirror what goes on inside
organizations. As such, managing construction projects
doesn't differ much from the way organizations in general are
managed. Organizations make use of organization theory.
It follows that organization theory is likewise applicable to
managing construction projects. Construction projects are
microcosms of organizations where the importance of organization
theory is very much central to the success of such projects.