Vancouver Style of Referencing
Also known as the "Author-Number Style" and
"Numbered Referencing Style", the Vancouver Referencing Style is a
referencing system commonly used in Medical Sciences. This has been
developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors
(ICMJE) for the purpose of implementing 'uniform requirements for
manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals'.
As with other
referencing styles, the Vancouver style has two parts: citing
sources within the text and a corresponding list of references used
at the end of the paper. Here are some general rules for Vancouver
style of referencing:
In-text Vancouver citation
numbers in brackets (1) or superscript (1) are placed
after the citation.
- The numbered
citation applies not just to texts but also to tables and
- A citation
must be numbered even if author is already mentioned in the
- The original
number assigned to a reference is reused each time the same author
is mentioned in the text.
Vancouver referencing format for
- The reference
list is arranged based on the numerical arrangement of in-text
citations, regardless of the type of reference used, i.e. books,
bibliography, on the other hand, is separate from the reference
list and is arranged alphabetically. These are the sources
consulted but not cited within the text.
Please take note that
different journals or institutions may use different versions of
Vancouver referencing hence it would be highly advisable to check
if your institution has such preferences.
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