Horses have been man’s close companions from time immemorial and are perhaps the most important animals when it come to shaping our society, the most important aspect is that they continue to do so (Hall, 2005; Levine, 2005). Horses have been under domestication for a very long time. The prolonged period of domestication has drastically […]
Introduction The concept of learning refers to any processes which result in either permanent storage of new information or modification of previously stored information (Schweizer and Koch 2001). Different learning tasks require various demands, e.g. in a canine, the use of a litter tray as observed in conditioning may require the formation of a new […]
The first step to help rehabilitate canines from certain behaviours (i.e. ‘behavioural disorders’) is a good and accurate diagnosis. Analysis of the source of the problem behaviour, the dog’s driving force to behave as such and specific contextual signals in which the problematic behaviour occurs is the second stage of rehabilitating canines. The comprehension of […]
The precise evolutionary path of the domestic dog has been the source of much debate. With the advent of molecular biology techniques it has become possible to determine ancestry in a more accurate manner though the exact process of domestication still remains unclear. The genus Canidae includes some thirty-eight species of which the dog is […]
Review a book exploring attitudes to the natural environment and/or concepts of wilderness and wildlife.
Ecotourism has become evermore popular since the late 1980s, with it being arguably the fastest growing of all sub-sectors in the tourism industry (Cater, 1993). As ecotourism grew, the number of books about this particular branch of tourism also increased. Whiteman (1996) found that “when properly managed, ecotourism offers excellent wilderness experiences while contributing to […]
Learning theories help people understand the complex mechanism behind the process of learning. Learning theories can fall under at least three philosophical frameworks: constructivism, behaviourism and cognitivism. In constructivism, learning is viewed as a process where the learner is actively involved in constructing and building new ideas or concepts. Behaviourism on the other hand is […]