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How and when does information become knowledge?


Information is ubiquitous, so are the forms it exists in. It can be spoken, written, read, seen or heard and covers every conceivable subject. It is believed that information will eventually become knowledge to an individual or group. The question that needs answering is how and when this information becomes knowledge.

Information and knowledge have an interchangeable relationship. Information can form the basis of knowledge and knowledge can propagate the production of more information. Information becomes knowledge due to thought processes; the type of information that is involved in this process is unique to the individual, as is the way the information is processed. The process is borne out of the individuals need to know about a certain subject. The gathering of information is the first step in problem solving; the knowledge which is gained provides the means to solve a problem. This is when the information becomes knowledge.

How information becomes knowledge is more complex, and many theories exist. Knowledge can be subjective or objective and Poppers 3 world theory explains how information is processed eventually allowing criticism as a channel to invoke new theories. The example using Poppers theory of verisimilitude provides evidence of this. Although Popper convincingly argues against the bucket theory, and the theory that observation alone is enough to form knowledge he does not totally dismiss them retaining an element of empiricism.

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